The Pentagon attorney who assessed the injury to U.S. national security soon after Jonathan Pollard’s spying arrest nearly 30 many years ago says the former Navy intelligence officer was motivated by income as significantly as an allegiance to Israel, noting that he supplied very classified resources to at least 3 other nations and provided this kind of material to 2 of them.
Pollard is broadly regarded a national hero in Israel for his espionage against the Jewish state’s strongest ally. That is the purpose he reportedly is becoming utilized as a bargaining chip in an work to restart stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
But Marion “Spike” Bowman told NBC News in an unique interview that Pollard was much more concerned with his compensation than is typically portrayed.
“He always desired money,” Bowman, who served as Pentagon liaison officer to the FBI at the time of Pollard’s arrest and coordinated the investigation of the extent of Pollard’s spying, advised NBC News. “At one particular point, he argued with his Israeli handler about a $ 1,000 a month increase, citing the odds he was taking.”
Bowman said Pollard received an estimated $ 50,000 from his Israeli handler throughout his 2 yr career as a spy.
“(He) was nicely-compensated – demanded it,” he mentioned.
Marion “Spike” Bowman.
Pollard also determined to maximize his revenue right after he began feeding details to Israel in 1984, supplying his solutions elsewhere, Bowman mentioned. He contacted the intelligence solutions of 3 other nations: Pakistan, South Africa — then underneath apartheid rule — and even Australia, a single of the U.S. closest allies, and supplied classified paperwork he had accessibility to by way of his job as an analyst for the Naval Intelligence Command, Bowman explained.
“He even disclosed classified details to a South African defense attaché,” though he didn’t get paid for it, said Bowman, who also served as deputy standard counsel for national safety law at the FBI and as deputy director of the U.S. Workplace of the National Counterintelligence Executive in the course of a long career in government. He also handed in excess of a classified document to the Australian he contacted, he mentioned.
Bowman also said that Pollard hoped to parlay his Israeli connections into a new occupation as an arms dealer.
Sensitive documents amid individuals disclosed
According to U.S. officials, Pollard offered the Israelis with a vast shop of classified paperwork – enough to fill a 10-foot-by-6-foot-by-6 foot space, by Pollard’s estimation. That materials presumably was all classified “top secret” or greater, because the Israelis told Pollard they presently had entry to much less delicate “secret” material by means of other indicates, Bowman explained.
Bowman explained Pollard offered 2 paperwork to the Israelis that were especially delicate:
- The prime secret Radio Signal Notations Guide (recognized by the acronym RAISIN), which listed the bodily parameters of every recognized electronic signal, described how the U.S. collected such signals all around the globe, and listed all the acknowledged communications links then utilized by the Soviet Union.
“Pollard alleged at sentencing that there truly was no harm carried out to the U.S.,” recalled Bowman. “The judge interrupted and brought him up brief, pointing especially to disclosure of the RAISIN manual. He was silent following that.”
- Day-to-day reviews from the Navy’s 6th Fleet Ocean Surveillance Details Facility (FOSIF) in Rota, Spain. These top-secret documents had been filed each and every morning and reporting all activity in the Middle East in the course of the preceding 24 hrs. “FOSIF was a vital document,” explained Bowman, noting that when Pollard failed to give many days’; well worth of reviews, his Israeli handlers “complained about the reduction.”
Israel’;s wants have been not constrained to its security considerations, either. “One additional disclosure is of merit: Pollard disclosed info to the Israelis that could avert the U.S. from monitoring Israeli activities in the Middle East – obviously a foreign policy nightmare,” Bowman explained.
Nor did U.S. officials believe that the information leak stopped in Israel.
According to a single former official, who spoke with NBC Information on issue of anonymity, the intelligence community feared that Israel was trading intelligence it acquired from Pollard to Moscow in an work to win the freedom of imprisoned Soviet Jews.
And Bowman mentioned that Pollard also indirectly offered South Africa with an intelligence coup. In accordance to Bowman, Pollard offered Israel with documents detailing what the U.S. knew about the secret strategic connection in between Israel and the apartheid regime in Pretoria. In the course of the 1970s and 1980s, Israel provided South Africa with arms, exchanged nuclear material and helped South Africa with its ballistic missile system, in accordance to U.S. intelligence officials and participants in the exchange. The intelligence presumably discovered its way to Pretoria as well, letting leaders there find out the extent of what the U.S. knew about the Israel-South Africa partnership, he explained.
The total extent of the info Pollard passed to Israel has in no way been manufactured public. Even even though Pollard spoke with investigators about his spying after pleading guilty in 1986 to one count of conspiracy to provide nationwide defense details to a foreign government, Bowman said he is not persuaded that the spy told them everything.
As a consequence, the U.S. “could never ever know the complete extent of the damage accomplished” by Pollard, he mentioned.
Although some senior U.S. officials have endorsed Pollard’s release in a bid to salvage U.S.-sponsored Middle East peace talks that reportedly are on the verge of collapse, Bowman is not between them.
In an op-ed piece for the New York Occasions in January, Bowman wrote that “Mr. Pollard’s apologists portray him as a sort of dual patriot: loyal to the United States, but also motivated to assist Israel. In fact, he was mainly a venal and selfish man or woman who sought to get rich.”
“My concern about Pollard’;s release is that it not be for the incorrect factors,” he informed NBC Information on Wednesday. “Even (although) people like (former CIA Director) Jim Woolsey argue for his release on ‘fairness’; grounds, it fully obscures the harm that Pollard, uniquely, did.”
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Initial published April 2 2014, one:45 PM
Robert Windrem is an investigative reporter/producer with NBC News. His specialty is international protection, on-camera commentary on worldwide security for MSNBC and author on worldwide safety for NBCNews.com
Winner of 45 nationwide journalism awards, like an Emmy as properly as Dupont-Columbia, National Press Club, Sigma Delta Chi, 3 Edward R. Murrow and 8 Nationwide Headliners Club awards. He has also been nominated for an Emmy 19 times.
Windrem made the 1st report on U.S. tv on Osama Bin Laden and al Qaeda in January 1997 developed the first within look of CIA Headquarters on U.S. television in February 1994 organized and created exclusive interviews with Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad in New York in September 2006, and in Tehran in July 2008. He also developed substantial reports on “Nightly Information” relating to nuclear proliferation in Israel, South Africa, Iraq and Iran as well as reports on the Mexican drug wars al Qaeda US drone attacks in Pakistan, the Boston Marathon bombings, the Washington, D.C., snipers campaign finance scandals, defense procurement abuse, and intelligence engineering, amongst several others.
He contributed to NBC News documentaries on the war on terrorism, Hurricane Katrina and nuclear strategy.
Windrem co-wrote with William E. Burrows, “Vital Mass: the Hazardous Race for Superweapons in a Fragmenting Globe”, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1994.
He has appeared a lot more than 300 instances as an specialist on nationwide security problems on MSNBC, NBC News and CNBC as properly as CBC in Canada, BBC in the United kingdom, Channel 2 in Israel and ABC in Australia. Most just lately he served as a advisor on an Israeli Tv documentary on Arnon Milchan, the Hollywood producer and arms dealer.
He is a graduate of Seton Hall University with a degree in communications arts. He also pursued a graduate degree in American Research at Seton Hall.
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